Even more than Herakleitos or Empedokles I believe that the Olbian bone tablets:

SEG 28.659:
Life. Death. Life. Truth. Zagreus. Dionysos. Orphikoi.

SEG 28.660:
Peace. War. Truth. Lie. Dionysos

SEG 28.661:
Dionysos. Truth. Body. Soul

Can best be compared with the Pythagorean Table of Opposites, which circulated in a variety of forms though it was first recorded by Aristotle thusly:

Finite – Infinite
Odd – Even
One – Many
Right – Left
Male – Female
Rest – Motion
Straight – Curved
Light – Darkness
Good – Evil
Square – Oblong

Taken from here, with useful commentary and links. If you’re interested in taking a deep dive into the subject I recommend starting with Owen Goldin’s The Pythagorean Table of Opposites, Symbolic Classification, and Aristotle. This is where Pythagorean Orphism and Bacchic Orphism depart though they share common roots and practices. In Pythagoreanism these polarities take on a dualistic antipathy, while among the Bakchoi it’s more about alternating cycles and coincidentia oppositorum.