It’s writ in the stars

There’s lots of interesting stuff in the last post, but the highlight for me is the association of Freyja’s Distaff with the archaic Greek letter ϝ (digamma) which was pronounced something like the English W, likely originating from the Phoenicianw (wāw “hook.”) Before falling out of general usage it entered Etruscan as 𐌅 (with the value of V) and Latin as the letter F. It was then pillaged by the Germanic tribes on the border of Northern Italy, influencing the shape of the Fehu Rune ᚠ, which represents the f-sound in the Younger Futhark and has the meaning of “money, cattle, and wealth.”


In the Old Norwegian Rune Poem we find:

ᚠ Fé vældr frænda róge;
føðesk ulfr í skóge.
Wealth is a source of discord amongst kin;
the wolf lives in the forest.

While the Anglo-Saxon has:

ᚠ Feoh byþ frofur fira gehƿylcum;
sceal ðeah manna gehƿylc miclun hyt dælan
gif he ƿile for drihtne domes hleotan.
Wealth is a comfort to all;
yet must everyone bestow it freely,
if they wish to gain honour in the sight of the Lord.

Normally glossed as “Lord” (i.e. Freyr, brother of Freyja “the Lady”) drihtne more accurately signifies Chief of the Warband.