Pausanias, Description of Greece 9.22.1-2
There are sanctuaries of Hermes Kriophoros (Ram-bearer) and of Hermes called Promachos (Champion) at Tanagra in Boiotia. They account for the former surname by a story that Hermes averted a pestilence from the city by carrying a ram round the walls; to commemorate this they made an image of Hermes carrying a ram upon his shoulders. Whichever of the youths is judged to be the most handsome goes round the walls at the feast of Hermes, carrying a lamb on his shoulders. Hermes Promachos (Champion) is said, on the occasion when an Eretrian fleet put into Tanagra from Euboia, to have led out the youths to the battle; he himself, armed with a scraper like a youth, was chiefly responsible for the rout of the Euboians. In the sanctuary of Promachos (the Champion) is kept all that is left of the wild strawberry-tree under which they believe that Hermes was nourished. Nearby is a theater and by it a portico. I consider that the people of Tanagra have better arrangements for the worship of the Gods than any other Greeks. For their houses are in one place, while the sanctuaries are apart beyond the houses in a clear space where no men live
Apollodoros, Bibliotheka 3.115
Hermes was tending the cattle, this time he fashioned a shepherd’s pipe which he proceeded to play. Covetous also of this, Apollon offered him the golden staff which he held when he herded cattle. But Hermes wanted both the staff and proficiency in the art of prophecy in return for the pipe. So he was taught how to prophesy by means of pebbles, and gave Apollon the pipe.
Nonnos, Dionysiaka 9.28 ff
Hermes gave him to the daughters of Lamos, river Nymphai – the son of Zeus, the vineplanter. They received Bakchos into their arms; and each of them dropt the milky juice of her breast without pressing into his mouth … The consort of Zeus beheld the babe, and suffered torments. Through the wrath of resentful Hera, the daughters of Lamos were maddened by the lash of that divine mischiefmaker. In the house they attacked the servants, in threeways they carved up the wayfaring man with alienslaying knife. Indeed they would have chopt up little Bakchos, a baby still, piecemeal in the distracted flood of their vagabond madness, had not Hermes come on wing and stolen Bakchos again with a robber’s untracked footsteps.
Aischylos, Psuchahogoi fragment 273
Chorus of Evocators: We, the race that lives around the lake, do honor to Hermes our ancestor … Come now, guest-friend, take up your stance on the grassy sacred enclosure of the fearful lake. Slash the gullet of the neck, and let the blood of this sacrificial victim flow into the murky depths of the reeds as a drink offering for the lifeless. Call upon primeval Earth and chthonic Hermes, escort of the dead, and ask chthonic Zeus to send up the swarm of night-wanderers from the mouth of this melancholy river, unfit for washing hands, sent up by Stygian springs.
Alexander Polyhistor, Successions of Philosophers FGrHist 273 F 93
Hermes is the steward of souls, and for that reason is called Hermes the Escorter, Hermes the Keeper of the Gate, and Hermes of the Underworld, he brings upwards the purified souls, but impure souls were not allowed to approach each other, much less to come close to pure souls, since they were fettered in unbreakable bonds by the Erinyes. And all the air is full of souls and they are called daimones and heroes; and they carry to men dreams, portents, diseases, and purification, averting by expiatory sacrifices, all divination and omens are related to them.