For further study: the Bacchic Martyrs of Southern Italy

Clifford Ando, The Rites of Others

Fiachra Mac Góráin, Virgil’s Bacchus and the Roman Republic

Heather Moser, Silencing the Revelry: An Examination of the Moral Panic in 186 BCE and the Political Implications Accompanying the Persecution of the Bacchic Cult in the Roman Republic

Matthias Riedl, The Containment of Dionysos: Religion and Politics in the Bacchanalia Affair of 186 BCE